You may be wondering about the tie-in between short-term vacation rentals and affordable/workforce housing. In a four season vacation destination like the Mt. Washington Valley, the decisions made by property owners with space to rent could have a major impact on affordable housing. For example, do home owers rent the new accessory dwelling unit they just built to someone in the local workforce for a reasonable monthly rent...or do they gamble on making a month's rent in one week, by renting it to vacationers? Driven, in part, by pressure from the lodging industry, New Hampshire's legislature is taking another look at taxing AirBnB rentals. Here is a link to a recent article in NH Business Magazine on the subject: Airbnb Tax
What do you think? Tax or no tax... and should some measures be taken to help preserve rental units for the affordable housing market? Is so, what?
We've written a lot about Accessory Dwelling Units and the progress of SB 146 through the New Hampshire Legislature, so it will come as no surprise that the Governor has signed the bill into law. It will go into effect in June of 2017. With that in mind, I'm posting a link to a very informative webpage on ADUs, done by PlanNH's Vibrant Villages initiative. The page contains a wealth of information on ADUs, including discussions on zoning. If you have an interest in ADU's, this is a great resource!.
With the help of sponsors, grantors and partners, the MWVHC put on a very successful design charrette in 2013. I’ve heard about this event since I started working here but I'll admit to being somewhat ignorant about the charrette process and the goals..
With that in mind, I did a bit of research…. which is particularly important now, since we are in the midst of planning another charrette for later this year. More on that as we get closer to the dates. In the meantime, here is some of what I found out about charrettes.
A charrette is an intensive planning session where citizens, designers and others collaborate on a vision for development. It provides a forum for ideas and offers the unique advantage of giving immediate feedback to the designers. More importantly, it allows everyone who participates to be a mutual author of the plan. http://www.tndtownpaper.com/what_is_charrette.htm
For the MWVHC and its partners, that will translate into providing an opportunity for planners and housing specialists to work together in teams, visualizing and testing development ideas relating to the theme of our next charrette: Re-Use, Rehab & Revitalization for Affordable Housing in the MWV. It sounds exciting, challenging and potentially rewarding for the participants and the community-at-large.
A link to a excellent video by the National Charrette Institute on their NCI System is below. Though we won’t be using their system, there are many similarities in the process.
Additionally, we'll be sure to keep everyone updated on the charrette we are planning for later this year. Look for information on our Facebook & twitter pages.
NCI Video Link
Research clearly demonstrates a positive correlation between the availability of affordable housing and lowering healthcare costs.
The following is excerpted from:
How Investing in Housing Can Save on Health Care
by Lisa Sturtevant, Ph.D., Janet Viveiros
Having access to safe, stable and affordable housing can lead to better physical
and mental health and improve overall quality of life in a variety of ways. When families have access to affordable housing, they can spend more on food and health care, which can lead to better health outcomes. Housing in neighborhoods of opportunity can lead to less stress and social isolation and
better physical health outcomes, including lower rates of obesity. A safe and
secure place to live can help homeless individuals with chronic health conditions
access medical care, maintain good health regimens, and experience better
physical and mental health. Because of these links between housing and health,
investment in housing and resident services can potentially result in a net public
savings if spending on public health-related services is reduced.
a Housing First
in health cost
savings of $42,964
the cost of
was just $13, 440.
You can read the full report here:
Accessory Dwelling Units (ADUs) are a hot topic right now...and with good reason. ADUs can be one of the most cost effective and environmentally friendly ways for communities to expand their availability of affordable housing. So, what exactly is an ADU? The folks at Accessory Dwelling, an Oregon organization which helps people interested in ADUs, can explain that much better than I can:
An accessory dwelling unit is a really simple and old idea: having a second small dwelling right on the same grounds (or attached to) your regular single-family house, such as:
Regardless of its physical form (backyard cottage, basement apartment, etc.), legally an ADU is part of the same property as the main home. It cannot be bought or sold separately, as a condominium or a dwelling on wheels might be. The owner of the ADU is the owner of the main home.
Flexibility in housing makes sense for environmental, lifestyle, and financial reasons. Though many people buy houses and live in them for decades, their actual needs change over time. But the way that houses are currently built doesn’t reflect those changes, especially the way households may spend decades with just 1 or 2 members. Many American houses are too big for 1- or 2-person households, which is too bad, because size is probably the biggest single factor in the environmental impact of a house.
If you have a reasonably sized house, and an even more reasonably sized ADU, you’ve likely got a pretty green combination with some social benefits as well. You could have your best friend, your mother, or your grown kid, live with you. This kind of flexibility and informal support could really help as the nation’s population ages. Most people want to stay in their homes as they age, but finances and design can be problematic. An ADU could help aging people meet their needs without moving.
Additionally, ADUs create affordable housing, but not in the usual institutional way. The affordable housing ADUs create is unlike the product of the (subsidized) affordable housing industry. It is totally voluntary and un-guaranteed. For these reasons ADUs can never be the entire solution to the affordable housing challenge. On the other hand, ADUs are extremely economical to construct per unit, cost the government little or nothing to allow, and — given the number of single family residences in US cities — could be incredibly abundant.
Perhaps best of all, ADUs are individualistic and creative. All impressions are that they add, in a small way, to family and neighborhood connections. They could be the opposite of boring gentrification — they might actually help make a place interesting enough to live in.
HERE IS A WONDERFUL LITTLE VIDEO FROM ACCESSORY DWELLING.ORG ON ADUs.
When it all said and done, the MWVHC thinks ADUs are a pretty great thing. In that regard, there is a bill currently in the New Hampshire legislature (Senate Bill146) concerning ADUs. The bills enjoys bipartisan support, has been passed by the NH Senate and is due for a House vote in early January. The Mount Washington Valley Housing Coalition joins many other organizations in strongly supporting the passage of SB146.
As written and amended, the bill addresses the growing need our state has to provide affordable housing opportunities for its citizens. In brief, the bill:
As outlined here, ADUs can represent a low cost, long-term way to help stem the rising tide of New Hampshire’s inadequate supply of affordable dwellings and workforce housing. ADUs:
Last year, the New Hampshire Housing Finance Authority commissioned a detailed, three-part study to examine factors that will influence New Hampshire’s future housing needs. The study was conducted by the New Hampshire Center for Public Policy Studies and Applied Economic Research. The resulting report recognized a serious gap between our existing housing stock and the needs and desires of our citizens. Passage of SB 146 represents a significant step toward addressing that mismatch and, at the same time, increasing our much needed supply of affordable housing.
For all these reasons, we strongly urge you to support passage of Senate Bill 146.
Executive Director of the Mount Washington Valley Housing Coalition